June 2, 2023
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It’s about that we must know about the most powerful and just king in Indian History, who made Bharat a gold rich country to the extent that India used to be referred as (सोने की चिड़िया) Golden bird. It was Emperor Vikramaditya of Ujjain who brought this supreme glory to India in Kaliyuga.

Today our mainstream history books do not refer his rule and consequently most of the people do not know about great Emperor world has ever known- King Vikramaditya. This is a great misfortune. Our land has produced great Heroes in every era, but we do not know our real history and we do not make even efforts to know more.

If we honestly consider the greatest king on planet Earth in last few millenniums was certainly Chakravarti Samrat Emperor Vikramaditya. He was an Indian King who used to rule 3/4th of the known world then.

Who is Maharaja Vikramaditya?

The great king Vikramaditya, is known as most powerful and just King ever existed in last couple of millenniums. Considering his conquests and ruled territory he can easily be counted among the greatest kings of all time across globe.

In fact, Vikramaditya started the title of Chakravarti Emperor by the kings in India. Chakravarti Samrat means a king who rules in all four directions and doesn’t have any enemies left to challenge him at the time of obtaining the title of Chakravarti.

Samrat Vikramaditya Empire -Size Span across Continents

Emperor-Samrat Vikramaditya’s empire included many parts of Modern-day China, Entire Middle East and Many Parts of Southeast Asia. Vikramaditya’s empire stretched from present-day India to Some of North Africa and Rome. · Not only did Emperor Vikramaditya trample the Arabs and Turks, but he also defeated Rome’s King Julius Caesar in battle.

How many countries were in Vikramaditya’s empire?

Raja Vikram’s coronation took place on the day of Diwali festival in 57 BC at the age of 43 Years. King Vikramaditya made Ujjain (Ambavati) his capital. King Vikramaditya had repulsed the forces not only from the borders of India but also from all over Asia. His empire reached as far as Arabia and Turkey in west (legends say he defeated even Romans) to as far as Indonesia in far East. In south his empire reached till Setusamduram-Ramsetu and in North he is said to ruled most of Tibet.

Chakravarti Samrat Vikramaditya Empire in Indian subcontinent

After the death of King Vikramaditya his kingdom gradually splitted into 18 parts. List of those regions is given below. In India, Chakravarti Samrat Vikramaditya’s empire empire stretched from west boundary was at the end of Sindhu River, in south the boundary was Setubandha-Ramsetu (Sea bridge by Shri Rama at Rameshwara), in north the boundary was upto Badristhana and upto Kapilantaka in east. This effectively covers all of India though his kingdom stretched far beyond till Arabia and Turly in west to Indonesia in East and till most of Tibet in North. Within his core Indian territory, 18 kingdoms arose post his demise. These were as follows:

  1. Indraprastha
  2. Panchala
  3. Kurukshetra
  4. Kapila
  5. Antarvedi
  6. Braja
  7. Ajmer
  8. Marudhanva
  9. Gurjara
  10. Maharashtra
  11. Dravida
  12. Kalinga
  13. Avanti
  14. Udupa
  15. Vanga (Bengal)
  16. Gauda (East Bengal, Asam)
  17. Magadha (Bihar, Chhotanagpur)
  18. Koshala

Why is King Vikramaditya famous?

Indian year counting system still continues in his name and is known as Vikarmi Samvat. The year 2020 has mostly passed in Vikrami samvat 2077 as Vikrami Samvat starts from bright fortnight of Chaitra month, which usually falls in March-April.

King Vikramaditya who started the Sanatan calendar , Vikram samvat which is used as a base unit to calculate months and year. He conquered Shakas and founded the world’s first calendar Vikram Samvat. Vikram Samvat also known as the Vikrami calendar named after legendary king Vikramaditya is the historical Hindu calendar in the Indian subcontinent. It is the official calendar of Nepal.

Vikramaditya was a king who was the reformer of Vedic Bharat Varsh and who spread the vedic knowledge all over the world. During his time India was the wealthiest country in the world. He almost ruled whole Asia. His enemy was ‘Shaka’, an Iranian king, but shakas failed to defeat king Vikramaditya till last. ‘’There was no emperor who could be compared to Vikrama in those days”.

How was Vikramaditya born?

According to the Pratisarga Parvan of Bhavisya Purana, he was the second son of Ujjain’s King Gandharvasena of Paramara dynasty. Vikramaditya was born on 102 BC and died on 15 AD. Bhartrhari (भर्तृहरि) was the elder son of King Gandharva-Sena. Vikramāditya was born in the Paramara dynasty to Gandharvasena (Father) and Viramati (Mother) as per Suta.

Legend behind Vikramaditya’s birth?

According to Bhavishya Purana Vikramaditya was born in 101 BC. It is said that he was born with blessings of Lord Shiva and was an incarnation one Guhyakas Ganas based in Kailasa. Vikramaditya became Shaiva after doing 20 types of Karma (Kriya) yoga. He was born by orders of Lord Shiva to destroy Shakas and for growth of Arya-dharma after the year 3000 of Kaliyuga.

Vikramaditya was born to then King of Ujjain city, Gandharva Sena. King Gandharva Sena named his child Vikramaditya (some say Vikramark). Both Vikramaditya and Vikramark have same meaning “Sun of Valour”. As ‘Vikram=Valour’ and ‘Aditya or Ark=Sun’. Even as an infant Vikram was very sharp and was endeared child of his royal parents. Although Vikramaditya took inspiration from ancient Hindu scriptures and left palace at an early age of five years to undertake penance in order to become great and earn some spiritual prowess and divine blessings. He spent twelve years in austerities, after having achieved some spiritual eminence and prowess he returned to his capital city Ujjain.

Vikramaditya’s Army size-An account by Kalidasa

Sanskrit writer Kalidasa says that King Vikramaditya army continuously spread over 18 yojanas (small jyotisha yojanas, 1 small jyotisha yojana is around 5 miles) and consisted of the following.

  • There were 3 crores of soldiers.
  • Ten crores of various vehicles.
  • 24,300 elephants.
  • 4,00,000 (four lakhs) of ships

9 Gems in court of Emperor Vikramaditya

Kalidasa mentions the nine Gems of scholars adorning the court of Vikramaditya. These were:

  1. Dhanvantari,
  2. Kshapanak
  3. , Amara Simha,
  4. Shanku,
  5. Vetala Bhatta ,
  6. Ghata kharpara,
  7. Kalidasa,
  8. Varahamihira &
  9. Vararuchi


King Vikramaditya endowed 10 million gold coin only on Sri Krishna Mishra, an astrology in his court for 70 years. Now imagine his wealth.

Another project undertaken by Vikramaditya was the royal road, the world’s longest, extending 1,700 miles. It is obvious that a smooth and fast commutation line was necessary to maintain connectivity and communication for such a large empire. Due to an extensive network of relays, postmen could travel the road in six to nine days, whereas normal travel time was three months. The motto of the Vedic postal service became memorable: stopped by neither snow, rain, heat or gloom of night. The US postal service also adopted this motto and the famous Pony Express mail delivery resembled the original Vedic design.

Ayodhya re-discovered by Emperor Vikramaditya

A local legend in Ayodhya states that the city was re-discovered by Vikramaditya, after having been lost for centuries. Vikramaditya started searching for Ayodhya, and met Prayaga, the king of tirthas (Prayaga personified). Guided by Prayaga, Vikramaditya marked the place, but subsequently forgot its location. A yogi told him that he should let loose a cow and a calf: Ayodhya would be at the place where milk starts flowing from the cow’s udders. Using this advice, Vikramaditya managed to re-identify the site of ancient Ayodhya.

Samrat Vikramaditya Empire Map

Samrat Vikramaditya empire map is depicted in varying degrees according to various sources. However as per commonly depicted places conquered and controlled by him included areas from Arabia , a part of North Egypt, Turkey, then Persia, Afgasnisthan, Tibet, southern China and to some of southeast Asia as well.

Samrat Vikramaditya Empire Map
Samrat Vikramaditya Empire Map- Depiction
Samrat Vikramaditya Empire Map- Depiction 1

Samrat Vikramaditya Empire Map- Depiction 2
Samrat Vikramaditya Empire Map- Depiction 2

King Vikramaditya FAQs

Q1. What was King Vikramaditya’s Religion? (Vikramaditya Religion)

A. King Vikramaditya was a follower of Sanatan Dharm, which is popularly known as Hinduism today

Q2. What is the real name of Vikramaditya?

A. His real name was Vikramaditya only. It was not a title. Some people confuse him with King Chandragupt who took the title of Vikramaditya. But our hero King was named Vikramaditya (Some say Vikramark) only. Both Vikramaditya and Vikramark have same meaning “Sun of Valour”. As ‘Vikram=Valour’ and ‘Aditya or Ark=Sun’.

Q3. Who was the father of Vikramaditya? (Vikramaditya father name)

A. King Gandharva Sena

Q4. How Did King Vikramaditya live?

A. King Vikramaditya lived for 117 years (102 BC – 15 AD).

Q5. How long is Vikramaditya ruled? (Vikramaditya Empire time)

A. King Vikramaditya ruled from 57 BC to 15 AD till his death. He was coronated around age 43 and then ruled till his last days in 15AD.

Q6. How long did Vikramaditya’s descendants’ rule?

A. Vikramaditya’s family had ruled from 57 BC to 1200 AD (when the rule of Prithviraj Chauhan and Bhoja of Malava began).

References:

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