Science of Hinduism and Western Scholars
Science of Hinduism and Western Scholars
“India has given to the West much more than she is credited with..” – Louis Jacolliot (1837-1890).
The modern day theoretical Physics is still struggling to explain how the Universe came into being and als explain all the Phenmena that occurs in the Universe.
It is believed that the Universe came in to being with a big bang in which matter and forces were born and burst out in all directions to form a Universe which is still expanding today.
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While the four forces at work in Universe, the gravitation , strong nuclear force, electromagnetism and weak nuclear forces have been understood , the search to find a unified theory which will explain ll the forces is still eluding. Recently a missing part of this puzzle, the Higg’s Boson’s foot print has been observed.
The Vedas have guided Indian civilization for thousands of years. They are the pillars of Hinduism. “Veda is the source of all Dharma” declares Manusmirti (2.6.)
Louis Jacolliot (1837-1890), who worked in French India as a government official and was at one time President of the Court in Chandranagar, translated numerous Vedic hymns, the Manusmriti, and the Tamil work, Kural His masterpiece.
He praised the Vedas in his Sons of God, and said:
“The Hindu revelation, which proclaims the slow and gradual formation of worlds, is of all revelations the only one whose ideas are in complete harmony with modern science. “‘
Jacolliot feels India has given to the West much more than she is credited with when he says:
” Besides the discoverers of geometry and algebra, the constructors of human speech, the parents of philosophy, the primal expounders of religion, the adepts in psychological and physical science, how even the greatest of our biological and theologians seem dwarfed!
Name of us any modern discovery, and we venture to say that Indian history need not long be searched before the prototype will be found on record. Here we are with the transit of science half accomplished, and all our Vedic ideas in process of readjustment to the theories of force correlation, natural selection, atomic polarity and evolution.
And here, to mock our conceit, our apprehension, and our despair, we may read what Manu said, perhaps 10,000 years before the birth of Christ:
‘ The first germ of life was developed by water and heat.’ (Manusmriti – Book I, sloka 8,9)
‘ Water ascends towards the sky in vapors; from the sun it descends in rain, from the rains are born the plants, and from the plants, animals.’ (Manusmriti – Book III, sloka 76)
However it is a fact that our Vedic Scriptures like various Upanishads, Bhagavata purana offer a profound explanation about how the Universe came into being. In fact the explanation offered goes beyond creation. It has been stated that a large number of Universes re-created and clustered together that they appear like atoms in hydrogenation.
The repeated creation and annihilation of Universe, the period for which the Universe exists after which the dissolution takes place, the structure of different planetary systems etc. are discussed in Bhagavatam.
In rotatory motion we know that as the orbital diameter increases the time taken by an orbiting body to complete one revolution also increases, following the same ,it has been mentioned in Bhagawatam (3rd Canto, chapter 11) that atoms , planets stars etc, in the Universe are rotating in their orbits and each has its own samvatsara.
It has also been indicated that in the upper planetary systems duration of one day and night is equal to one complete year of earth. The diameter of the material world is indicated as 4 billion miles.
The evolution of Universe from Mahat tattva when agitated by the glance of God , beginning from sound to sky to air to fire to water to earth is fascinating.
(2nd canto chapter 5 , 3rd canto chapter 26).
Sphericity of Earth:
The existence of rather advanced concepts like the sphericity of Earth and the cause of seasons is quite clear in Vedic literature. For example, the Aitareya Brahmana (3.44) declares:
“The Sun does never set nor rise. When people think the Sun is setting (it is not so). For after having arrived at the end of the day it makes itself produce two opposite effects, making night to what is below and day to what is on the other side…Having reached the end of the night, it makes itself produce two opposite effects, making day to what is below and night to what is on the other side. In fact, the Sun never sets….”
Sir John Woodroffe (1865-1936) the well known scholar, Advocate-General of Bengal and sometime Legal Member of the Government of India. He served with competence for eighteen years and in 1915 officiated as Chief Justice. He has said:
“Ages before Lamarck and Darwin it was held in India that man has passed through 84 lakhs (8,400,000) of birth as plants, animals, as an “inferior species of man” and then as the ancestor of the developed type existing to-day. The theory was not, like modern doctrine of evolution, based wholly on observation and a scientific inquiry into fact but was a rather (as some other matters) an act of brilliant intuition in which observation may also have had some part.”
(source: Is India Civilized – Essays on Indian Culture – By Sir John Woodroffe Ganesh & Co. Publishers Date of Publication: 1922 p. 22)
It is quite remarkable that the Markandeya Purana (54.12) speaks of Earth as being flattened at the poles and bulging at the equator, that is, not perfectly spherical.
The Vishnu Purana, in an obvious elaboration of the above quotation from the Aitareya Brahmana, also speaks of antipodes of Earth and indeed implies the existence of Earth’s rotation.
In addition, even more elementary concepts like the phases of Moon and the cause of twilight were well understood, as was the fact that the blue sky is nothing but scattered sunlight. (cf. Markandeya Purana, 78.8, or 103.9).
Some one sent the question in my Inbox : “Do any of you believe in a Divine Creator…??”
Some of us do, and some of us don’t. I personally don’t believe in an Creator, quite strongly. I am not favor of any Religion, but yes I love Vedic Texts and Hinduism because they are based on scientific commentaries and I have found lots of answers of My questions that science has failed to explain.
For example, science might tell us how the universe began, but it can’t tell us why the universe began.
Where other faiths are confirming the “Creation Theory of Universe” , Hinduism established a beautiful theory namely “The manifested universe ‘becoming’ from the unmanifest”.
Hinduism is not stagnant or neither depends on one particular holy book or Kitab, due to dynamic diversity of Hinduism , one can find lots of theories and explanations on the “Manifested Universe”. One can find answer of every questions regarding our Universe and Life.
For me, my science informs my view of Infinite Brahman – it helps me understand the essence of Nirguna and Saguna Brahma better (we often talk about special revelation – the Vedic philosophy, and general revelation – nature). At the same time, my faith informs my science. It gives the questions I ask motivation, and it informs how I practice my cosmos.
If you say there is a creator in Hinduism , i.e Lord Brahma, then you can find the answer of you question , “who created the Creator…?”
Actually Brahma did not create the Universe , Brahma manifested as Universe in the form of cosmic egg named “Brahmanda” , and in science the concept of Brahmanda is named as “Singularity”
Brahma came out from the Navel/नाभि (Nucleus) of Supreme Soul of all. It is the supreme soul.
I am the Universe , the cause of this universe, the support and the grandsire. I am the object of knowledge, the puriﬁer and the syllable Om. I am also the Ṛig, the Sāma and the Yajur Vedas , I am nothing but infinite. – BG 10.32, 10.33. ??
The Prasna Upanishad (V. 2.) says:
Nirguna (No forms , no attributes no properties ) Brahma became Saguna (infinite number of forms , attributes and properties).
Saguna Brahman, the Causal Brahman (Isvara) is the cause of the universe. From Brahman came OM, the initial vibration.
They same theory (Vibration , the cause of Universe) has been explained by My scientists in “String Theory”
What was before Universe and What after the destruction of the Universe….??
Where my science failed to answer , I went for Vedic Texts, and I got this….
“A universe endures for about 4,320,000,000 years (one day of Brahma, or Kalpa) and is then destroyed by fire or water elements. At this point, Brahma rests for one night, just as long as the day. This process, named Pralaya, repeats for 100 Brahma years (311 Trillion, 40 Billion Human Years) that represents Brahma’s lifespan.
Brahma is regarded as a manifestation of Brahman as the Universe.
Check out this verses of Vedic Philosophy:
“At the beginning of all things, there was neither being nor non-being, and what existed was an impenetrable darkness” – R.V. X 129.
“From the unmanifested (asat) the world of names and forms (sat) is said to arise.” – Taittiriya Up ll.7.1 ??
“ब्रह्म वा इदमग्र आसीत्, तदात्मनामेवावेत्, अहं ब्रह्मास्मीति | तस्मात्तत्सर्वमभवत्; तद्यो यो देवानां प्रत्यबुध्यत स एव तदभवत्,
तदषीर्णाम् तथा मनुष्याणाम्,…”
- “This (self) was indeed Brahma in the beginning;
- This (self) is indeed Brahma at any moment.
- This (self) will be indeed Brahma after destruction.
- There were no space and time before Brahma.
- It knew only Itself as, “I am Brahma”.
- Therefore It became Infinity; and whoever among the Gods knew It also became That; and the same with sages and men…” – (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad)
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