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List of Maharajas of Jammu and Kashmir

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In 1925, Raja Hari Singh of the Dogra Rajput dynasty ascended the throne of Kashmir. The borders of this princely state of Kashmir with a population of 40 lakhs were bordered by Afghanistan, Russia and China. That is why this princely state also had special strategic importance. Before independence, the princely state of Kashmir was spread over 2.1 lakh square kilometers.

List of Maharajas of Jammu and Kashmir (1846–1952)

Gulab Singh (1846–1856)
Ranbir Singh (1856–1885)
Pratap Singh (1885–1925)
Hari Singh (1925–1952) (Monarchy abolished)
Hari Singh (Titular) (1952–1961)

List of Kashmir Kings from 3450 BCE

This list and timings are derived from Rajatarangini. Kashmir King Chandrapeeda
1-5. Full Names not known 3450-3238 BCE

  1. Gonanda I 3238-3188 BCE
  2. Damodara I 3188-3140 BCE
  3. Yasovati (Damodara I’s wife) 3140-3139½ BCE
  4. Gonanada II (Yasovati’s son) 3139½-3083 BCE
  5. Parikshit 3083-3041 BCE
  6. Harnadeva
  7. Rama deva
  8. Vyasadeva
  9. Drunadeva
  10. Simhadeva
  11. Gopaladeva
  12. Vijayananda
  13. Sukhadeva
  14. Ramananda
  15. Sandhiman
  16. Marahandeva & Kamandeva.
  17. Chandradeva
  18. Anandadeva
  19. Drupadadeva
  20. Harnamdeva
  21. Sulkandeva
  22. Sinaditya
  23. Mangaladitya
  24. Khimendra
  25. Bhimasena
  26. Indrasena
  27. Sundarasena
  28. Galgendra
  29. Baladeva
  30. Nalasena
  31. Gokarna
  32. Prahlada
  33. Bambru
  34. Pratapaseela
  35. Sangrama chandra
  36. Larik chandra
  37. Biramchamdra
  38. Babighana
  39. Bhagavanta
  40. Lava 1752-1713 BCE
  41. Kusa or Kusesaya 1713-1674 BCE
  42. Khagendra 1674-1635 BCE
  43. Surendra (Issueless) 1635-1596 BCE
  44. Godhara (Another family) 1596-1557 BCE
  45. Suvarna 1557-1518 BCE
  46. Janaka 1518-1479 BCE
  47. Sachinara (His Paternal uncle was Sakuni’s great grandson) 1479-1447 BCE
  48. Asoka or Dharmasoka (Gonanda Dynasty) 1448-1400 BCE
    He lost his kingdom, as Mlechchas occupied it and he fled to forest. His son Jaelauka reconquered it)
  49. Jaelauka 1400-1344 BCE

This Jaelauka was the first Kashmir king to build bridges on 5 rivers.
Prior to that, people (including kings) used to cross rivers on boats only.

  1. Damodara II 1344-1294 BCE
  2. Hushka, Jushka and Kanishka 1294-1234 BCE
  3. Abhimanyu 1234-1182 BCE
    Dynasty of Gonanada III. From 1182 BCE to 272 BCE – Total 910 years
  4. Gonanda III 1182-1147 BCE
  5. Vibhishana 1147-1092½ BCE
  6. Indrajit 1092½-1057 BCE
  7. Ravana 1057-1027 BCE
  8. Vibhishana II 1027-991½ BCE
  9. Kinnara or Nara 991½-952 BCE
  10. Siddha 952-892 BCE
  11. Utpalaksha 892-861½ BCE
  12. Hiranyaksha 861½-824 BCE
  13. Hiranyakula 824-764 BCE
  14. Vasukula 764-704 BCE
  15. Mihirakula 704-634 BCE
  16. Baka 634-594 BCE
  17. Kshitinamdana 594-564 BCE
  18. Vasunamdana (Poet) 564-512 BCE

This Vasunandana was a poet and author of Samara Sastra.

  1. Nara 512-477 BCE
  2. Aksha 477-417 BCE
  3. Gopaditya 417-357 BCE

This Gopaditya built the temple of Adi Sankara in 367-366 BCE. He founded several temples and Agraharams. He was also a poet.

  1. Gokarna 357-322 BCE
  2. Kinkhila or Narendraditya 322-285 BCE
  3. Andha Yudhistira 285-272 BCE

Dynasty of Pratapaditya (272 to 80 BCE – Total 192 years with 6 kings)

  1. Pratapaditya 272-240 BCE
  2. Jalaukasa 240-208 BCE
  3. Tunjina 208-172 BCE
  4. Vijaya 172-164 BCE
  5. Jayendra 164-127 BCE
  6. Sandhimati 127-80 BCE
  7. Meghavahana 80-46 BCE
  8. Pravarasena or Sreshtasena or Tunjina 46-16 BCE
  9. Hiranya 16 BCE – 14 CE
  10. Matrigupta 14 – 19 CE
  11. Pravarasena II (Toramana’s son ) 19-79 CE
  12. Yudhistira II 79-118 CE
    (This Yudhistira II was contemporary to Salivahana, founder of the Era 78 CE)
  13. Lakshmana (Narendraditya) 118-131 CE
  14. Tunjina or Ranaditya (Poet) 131-173 CE
  15. Vikramaditya 173-215 CE
  16. Baladitya 215-252 CE
  17. Durlabha vardhana (Son-in-law of Baladitya) 252-288 CEKashmir King Lalitaditya Muktapeeda
  18. Durlabhaka or Pratipaditya 288-338 CE
  19. Chandrapeeda or Varnaditya 338-397 CE
  20. Tarapida or Udayaditya 397-431 CE
  21. Lalitaditya or Mukatapida(Poet) 431-467 CE
    This Lalitaditya built the famous Martanda (Sun) temple in Kashmir.
    He was regarded as reincarnation of Ranaditya, who continued his poetry and temple building.
  22. Kuvalayaditya 467-468 CE
  23. Vajraditya or Bapyayika or Lalitapida 468-525 CE
  24. Prithivyapida 525-569 CE
  25. Sangramapida 569 CE(ruled only for 7 days)
  26. Jayapida (Pandit and poet) 569-620 CE
  27. Lalitapida 620-672 CE
  28. Sangramapida II 672-729 CE
  29. Chipyata-Jayapida 729-781 CE
  30. Ajitapida 781-837 CE
  31. Anangapida 837-840 CE
  32. Utpalapida 840-845 CE
  33. Sukhavarma 845-852 CE

Total 17 kings ruled for 600 years.

Utpala Dynasty Kings of Kashmir

  1. Avantivarma 852-880 CE
    (In his court f1ourished many poets like Anandavardhan, Ratanakara)
  2. Sankaravarma 880-900 CE
    (Contemporary to Lalya Sahi, Brahmin king of the Yavanas in Uttara Jyotisha, Divya Kataka and Simhapura, now part of Afghanistan)
  3. Gopalavarma (minor, whose mother Sugandha ruled) 900-902 CE
  4. Sankata
  5. Sugandha
  6. Suravarma 902-904 CE (all 3 ruled for 2 years only)
  7. Partha 904-918 CE
  8. Nirjitavarma 918-920 CE
  9. Chakravarma (assassinated) 920-934 CE
  10. Unmattavanti 934-936 CE

These 8 Kings ruled for 84 years.

Gupta Brahmin Kings Dynasty of Kashmir

  1. Yasaskara 936-945½ CE
  2. Varnata (1 month)
  3. Sangramadeva (5 months) 945½-946 CE
  4. Parvagupta 946-948 CE
  5. Kshemagupta 948-957 CE
  6. Abhimanyugupta 957-971 CE

Abhimanyu was a minor, ruled by mother Didda or Diththa Devi, wife of Kshemagupta. Didda was contemporary to Bhima Sahi of Kabul, descendent of Lalya Sahi. Didda was grand daughter of Bhima Sahi(Daughter’s daughter)

  1. Nandigupta (second son of Didda) 971-972 CE
  2. Tribhuvanagupta (3rd son of Didda) 972-974 CE
  3. Bhima gupta (4th son of Didda) 974-979 CE
    All sons were minors. So, ruled by mother Didda
  4. Didda or Diththa, herself reigned 979-1012 CE
    (Didda was daughter of Simharaja of Lohar and wife of Kshemagupta)

This Lohar family belongs to the Andhra Satavahana dynasty. This Simharaja, father of Didda, is the son-in—law of Bhima Sahi of Kabul who belonged to the Thomara Dynasty, one of the four Agni Vamsi. These ten Brahmin kings ruled for 76 years.

Lohar Dynasty rulers of Kashmir

  1. Sangramaraja 1012-1027 CE
    He is brother’s son of Didda; contemporary to Trilochana Pala of Kabul
  2. Hariraja 22 days only
  3. Anantadeva 1027-1062 & 1062-1078 CE
    Anantadeva was dethroned for few days in 1062 CE, but came back.
  4. Kalasa or Ranaditya (Pandit and Poet) 1078-1088 CE
  5. Utkarsha (few days only)
  6. Harsha 1088-1110 CE

These six kings of Lohar Dynasty ruled for 98 years.

Agni Vamsa or Brahma-Kshatra Kings of Kashmir

  1. Uchchla (few days)
  2. Sankaraja 1110-1120 CE
  3. Sussala 1120-1128 CE
  4. Jayasimha 1128-1148 CE

Kalhana’s time is 1148 CE.
4593-1148 = 345O BCE

That means, from 3450 BCE we have the history of Kashmir for 4593 years and then till today, which is 5467 years.

Kashmir is part of India

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